A smart city is an ideology which uses digital technologies or information and communication technologies to enhance quality and performance of urban services, to reduce costs and resource consumption, and to engage more effectively and actively with its citizens. A city equipped with basic infrastructure to give a decent quality of life, a clean and sustainable environment through application of some smart solutions.
They are primarily developed with the goal of improving the urban flow management and allowing real time responses to challenges, thereby prepared to respond to challenges with a manageable relationship with its citizens. Smart-cities mostly involve the use of new age Internet technologies promoting cloud-based services, real-world user interfaces, use of smart phones and smart meters, networks of sensors and RFIDs, and more accurate communication systems based on the semantic web, that open new ways to collective action and collaborative problem solving.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi had announced his vision to set up 100 smart cities across the country soon ever since his government was sworn into power last year. Since then a race has been on among cities to land on the list that the ministry of urban development is compiling. The 100 smart cities mission intends to promote adoption of smart solutions for efficient use of available assets, resources and infrastructure. One familiar example of an Indian Smart City can be seen in Delhi, in the Delhi L Zone Smart-City, which is aimed at facilitating the growing need of housing in Delhi.