Residential areas are common housing areas where people reside in small colonies and complexes that are independent and each one is separately planned. Such areas are usually developed simply with an aim to provide housing facility to the people. These complexes are unplanned and consume lot of resources as they are developed by different entities. Smart cities on the contrary are well-planned massive complexes that are developed for utilizing resources in a way that they benefit more people as compared to the ones in residential areas.
Smart cities also offer higher standard of living. They make living luxurious and convenient by providing good environment and amenities that are far better than the basic facilities available in residential areas. In smart cities, resources are directed and utilized in a manner that energy is saved and there are hardly any power cuts. Everything is managed in a better manner and every amenity is equally facilitated to every person residing in the smart city, which is not the case in residential areas.
Benefits of a smart city
· The term encompasses a vision of an urban space that is ecologically friendly, technologically integrated and meticulously planned, with a particular reliance on the use of information technology to improve efficiency.
· In a smart city, economic development and activity is sustainable and rationally incremental by virtue of being based on success-oriented market drivers such as supply and demand. They benefit everybody, including citizens, businesses, the government and the environment.
· According to the Smart Cities Council a real time information should be made that will collect all the data that is collected from sensors – electricity, gas, water, traffic and other government analytics – is carefully compiled and integrated into a smart grid and then fed into computers that can focus on making the city as efficient as possible.